Felt Roofing is a heavy-duty organic felt paper used in roofing and construction and is sometimes referred to tar paper.It is made by impregnating paper with tar, producing a waterproof material useful fo roof construction.
Tar paper can be distinguished from roofing felt (asphalt – saturated felt). Roofing felt has been in use for over a hundred years. Originally, felt was made from recycled rag, but today … felts are made of recycled paper products typically cardboard and sawdust. The most common felt product is the so-called #15 felt. Before the oil crisis, felt weighed about 15 pounds per square (one square = 100 square feet) therefore, the asphalt-impregnated felt was called 15# or 15 pound felt. Modern felts no longer weighs 0.73 kg/m2 and to reflect this fact the new felts are called #15″ asphalt felt … In fact, #15 felts can weigh from 7.5 to 12.5 pounds per square, depending on the manufacturer and the standard to which felt is made (i.e., CGSB, ASTM, or none). Thirty pound felt, or 30# felt, is now #30 felt, and actually normally weighs between 16 and 27 pounds per square. Therefore, to get a product similar to a 15# felt of the past, one could specify a modern #30 felt.
Tar paper is more accurately a Grade D building paper (the Grade D designation derives from a US federal specification) is widely used in the west. Building paper is manufactured from virgin kraft paper, unlike felts, and then impregnated with asphalt. The longer fibers in the kraft paper allow for a lighter weight product with similar and often better mechanical properties, than felt. Grade papers are rated in es … the amount of time in which it takes for a moisture sensitive chemical indicator to change color when a small boat-like sample is floated on water. Common grades include 10, 20, 30, and 60 minute. The higher the rating the more moisture resistant and the heavier. A typical 20 minute paper will weigh about 3.3 pounds per square, a 30 minute paper 3.75, and a 60 minute paper about six. The smaller volume of material however does tend to make these papers less resistant to moisture than heavier felts.